Kraus T, Hösl K, Kiess O, Schanze A, Kornhuber J, Forster C. BOLD fMRI deactivation of limbic and temporal brain structures and mood enhancing effect by transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation. J  Neural Transm 2007; 114:1485-93. 

Kraus T, Kiess O, Hösl K, Terekhin P, Kornhuber J, Forster C. CNS BOLD fMRI effects of sham-controlled transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in the left outer auditory canal - A pilot study. Brain Stimul. 2013 Feb 13. 

Dietrich S, Smith J, Scherzinger C et al. A novel transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation leads to brainstem and cerebral activations measured by functional MRI. Biomed Tech 2008; 53:104-11. 

Polak T, Markulin F, Ehlis AC, Langer JB, Ringel TM, Fallgatter AJ. Far field potentials from brain stem after transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation: optimization of stimulation and recording parameters J Neural Transm 2009;116:1237-42. 

Santeri Yrttiaho, Mikael Bergholm, Kari Malkavaara, Jarmo Lehtimäki, Jukka Ylikoski: Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation 

(tVNS) Attenuates Auditory Cortical Responsiveness in Tinnitus Patients. Abstract American Research in Otolaryngology, San Diego, CA, Feb 20-24, 2012 

Lehtimäki J, Hyvärinen P, Ylikoski M, Bergholm M, Mäkelä JP, Aarnisalo A, Pirvola U, Mäkitie A, Ylikoski J. Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation in tinnitus: a pilot study. Acta Otolaryngol. 2013 Apr;133(4):378-82

Lehtimäki J, Ylikoski M, Pirvola U, Aarnisalo A, Mäkitie A , Ylikoski J. Efficacy and safety of Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve 

Stimulation in Tinnitus.  Abstract. 7th International Tinnitus Research Initative Meeting, Valencia, Spain, May 15- 18, 2013

 

References

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